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2022-01 Security Bulletin: Junos OS: OpenSSL Security Advisory [24 Aug 2021]

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Article ID: JSA11293 SECURITY_ADVISORIES Last Updated: 12 Jan 2022Version: 1.0
Product Affected:
This issue affects Junos OS 21.2, 21.3.
Problem:

The ‚ÄčOpenSSL project has published a security advisory for vulnerabilities resolved in the OpenSSL 1.1.1 library on August 24, 2021.

These issues affect Juniper Networks Junos OS:

  • 21.2 versions prior to 21.2R2;
  • 21.3 versions prior to 21.3R2.

This issue does not affect Juniper Networks Junos OS versions prior to 21.2R1.

Juniper SIRT is not aware of any malicious exploitation of this vulnerability.

This issue was discovered during external security research.

The important security issue resolved is described below:

CVE CVSS Summary
CVE-2021-3712 7.4 (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:H) ASN.1 strings are represented internally within OpenSSL as an ASN1_STRING structure which contains a buffer holding the string data and a field holding the buffer length. This contrasts with normal C strings which are repesented as a buffer for the string data which is terminated with a NUL (0) byte. Although not a strict requirement, ASN.1 strings that are parsed using OpenSSL's own "d2i" functions (and other similar parsing functions) as well as any string whose value has been set with the ASN1_STRING_set() function will additionally NUL terminate the byte array in the ASN1_STRING structure. However, it is possible for applications to directly construct valid ASN1_STRING structures which do not NUL terminate the byte array by directly setting the "data" and "length" fields in the ASN1_STRING array. This can also happen by using the ASN1_STRING_set0() function. Numerous OpenSSL functions that print ASN.1 data have been found to assume that the ASN1_STRING byte array will be NUL terminated, even though this is not guaranteed for strings that have been directly constructed. Where an application requests an ASN.1 structure to be printed, and where that ASN.1 structure contains ASN1_STRINGs that have been directly constructed by the application without NUL terminating the "data" field, then a read buffer overrun can occur. The same thing can also occur during name constraints processing of certificates (for example if a certificate has been directly constructed by the application instead of loading it via the OpenSSL parsing functions, and the certificate contains non NUL terminated ASN1_STRING structures). It can also occur in the X509_get1_email(), X509_REQ_get1_email() and X509_get1_ocsp() functions. If a malicious actor can cause an application to directly construct an ASN1_STRING and then process it through one of the affected OpenSSL functions then this issue could be hit. This might result in a crash (causing a Denial of Service attack). It could also result in the disclosure of private memory contents (such as private keys, or sensitive plaintext). Fixed in OpenSSL 1.1.1l (Affected 1.1.1-1.1.1k). 

 

Solution:

Junos OS has been upgraded to OpenSSL 1.1.1l.

The following software releases have been updated to resolve this specific issue: 21.2R2, 21.3R2, 21.4R1, and all subsequent releases.

This issue is being tracked as 1618985.
 

Workaround:

Since SSL is used for remote network configuration and management applications such as J-Web and SSL Service for JUNOScript (XNM-SSL), viable workarounds for this issue in Junos may include:

  • Disabling J-Web
  • Disable SSL service for JUNOScript and only use NETCONF, which makes use of SSH, to make configuration changes
  • Limit access to J-Web and XNM-SSL from only trusted networks
Implementation:
Software releases or updates are available for download at https://support.juniper.net/support/downloads/
 
Modification History:
2022-01-12: Initial Publication.
 
CVSS Score:
7.4 (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:H)
Severity Level:
High
Severity Assessment:
Information for how Juniper Networks uses CVSS can be found at KB 16446 "Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) and Juniper's Security Advisories."

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