How do I tell if a VPN Tunnel SA (Security Association) is active? How do I check status of the tunnel?
Through the CLI: Telnet into the Firewall, type the following command, and press ENTER: get sa
You can view the same information through the WebUI by clicking onVPNs > Monitor Status.
Here are 2 examples of the output of the get sa command:
Paris-> get sa total configured sa: 1 HEX ID Gateway Port Algorithm SPI Life:sec kb Sta PID vsys 00000001< 18.104.22.168 500 esp:3des/sha1 e37791d2 expir unlim I/I 2 0 00000001> 22.214.171.124 500 esp:3des/sha1 883ebdb7 expir unlim I/I 1 0
Paris-> get sa total configured sa: 1 HEX ID Gateway Port Algorithm SPI Life:sec kb Sta PID vsys 00000001< 126.96.36.199 500 esp:3des/sha1 e37791d3 3596 unlim A/- 2 0 00000001> 188.8.131.52 500 esp:3des/sha1 883ebdb8 3596 unlim A/- 1 0
In the case of multiple VPN Tunnels, search through the Gateway column for the IP address of the Remote Gateway of the tunnel in question.
The Sta field shows two things:
The first character displays whether the VPN tunnel is Active or Inactive.
The second character (after the slash) displays the Link status thru the VPN Monitor feature.
Here are the possible values of the sta field:
I/I: VPN tunnel is Inactive
A/-: VPN tunnel is Active, and VPN Monitor is not configured
A/U: VPN tunnel is Active, and the link (detected thru VPN Monitor) is UP
A/D: VPN tunnel is Active, but the link (detected thru VPN Monitor) is DOWN. VPN Monitor is not getting a response to its pings. This could be happening because the device that is being pinged is down or has ping disabled. This could also be happening if the other side of the VPN is not a NetScreen/Juniper Firewall.
Both A/- and A/U are positive states that your tunnel is up. Data will not pass thru a tunnel when the status is I/I or A/D.
To check only the active SAs, run the following command: get sa active
Paris-> get sa active Total active sa: 0 total configured sa: 0 HEX ID Gateway Port Algorithm SPI Life:sec kb Sta PID vsys
If the only column headings are displayed (as shown below), no SA has been created and there are no active tunnels:
Paris-> get sa total configured sa: 0 HEX ID Gateway Port Algorithm SPI Life:sec kb Sta PID vsys
This is typically caused by an incomplete VPN configuration. For configuration assistance and examples consult the following link: